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معلومات العضو
حناني ميــــــا

حناني ميــــــا

الإدارة العامة

الإدارة العامة
معلومات إضافية
الأوسمة : كاتب مميز
أخر مواضيع المنتدى : United StatesWar & Military Strategy  	   Ending Endless War A Pragmatic Military Strateg Alyassiniforum.1
United StatesWar & Military Strategy  	   Ending Endless War A Pragmatic Military Strateg Bookwo11
ذكر
المشاركات13527
نقاط125979
التقييم13
العمر : 77
معلومات الاتصال
مُساهمةموضوع: United StatesWar & Military Strategy Ending Endless War A Pragmatic Military Strateg United StatesWar & Military Strategy  	   Ending Endless War A Pragmatic Military Strateg Calend10الأحد 9 يونيو 2019 - 2:44




United StatesWar & Military Strategy

Ending Endless War

A Pragmatic Military Strategy

By Andrew J. Bacevich








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During the Cold War, the United States preferred to husband, rather than expend, its military power. The idea was not to fight but to defend, deter, and contain, a cold peace infinitely preferable to nuclear cataclysm. When U.S. policymakers strayed from this principle, attempting to unify the Korean Peninsula in 1950 or deploying combat troops to Vietnam in the 1960s, the results proved unhappy in the extreme.
Husbanding did not imply timidity. To impart credibility to its strategy of containment, the United States stationed substantial forces in Western Europe and Northeast Asia. For allies unable to defend themselves, U.S. garrisons offered reas****surance, fostering an environment that facilitated recovery and development. Over time, regions deemed vulnerable stabilized and prospered.
Beginning in the 1990s, however, official thinking regarding the utility of force changed radically. The draft “Defense Planning Guidance” prepared in 1991 under the aegis of Paul Wolfowitz, then U.S. undersecretary of defense for policy, hinted at the emerging mood. The mere avoidance of war no longer sufficed. Describing an inter****national order “shaped by the victory of the United States” over communism and in the just-concluded war against Iraq, the document identified oppor****tunities to “shape the future security environ****ment in ways favorable to [the United States].”
Shaping the future—here was an enterprise worthy of a superpower charged with fulfilling history’s purpose. Lending such expectations a semblance of plausibility was an exalted appre****ciation of American military might. By the early 1990s, concepts such as “defend and deter” seemed faint-hearted, if not altogether cowardly. One army field manual from that era credited U.S. forces with the ability to achieve “quick, decisive victory on and off the battle****field anywhere in the world and under virtually any conditions.” Once considered a blunt instrument, force was now to serve as an all-purpose chisel.
Rarely has a benign-sounding pro****position yielded greater mischief. Pursuant to the imperative of shaping the future, military activism became the order of the day.
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United StatesWar & Military Strategy Ending Endless War A Pragmatic Military Strateg


توقيع العضو: حناني ميــــــا
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معلومات العضو
لطفي الياسيني

لطفي الياسيني

أمير المقاومين

أمير المقاومين

معلومات إضافية
الأوسمة : شاعر متميز
أخر مواضيع المنتدى : United StatesWar & Military Strategy  	   Ending Endless War A Pragmatic Military Strateg Alyassiniforum.1
United StatesWar & Military Strategy  	   Ending Endless War A Pragmatic Military Strateg 1pales10
United StatesWar & Military Strategy  	   Ending Endless War A Pragmatic Military Strateg Pi-ca-10
ذكر
المشاركات63287
نقاط598494
التقييم303
العمر : 114
معلومات الاتصال
https://yassini.yoo7.com
مُساهمةموضوع: رد: United StatesWar & Military Strategy Ending Endless War A Pragmatic Military Strateg United StatesWar & Military Strategy  	   Ending Endless War A Pragmatic Military Strateg Calend10الأحد 9 يونيو 2019 - 9:41

United StatesWar & Military Strategy  	   Ending Endless War A Pragmatic Military Strateg 62455131_423106078532951_8430969941045280768_n.jpg?_nc_cat=106&_nc_ht=scontent.fsdv3-1

توقيع العضو: لطفي الياسيني
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
 

United StatesWar & Military Strategy Ending Endless War A Pragmatic Military Strateg

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